Spinal Injection Treatment
The ligament covering the spine may wear down due to bad posture, weight gain or an awkward step; as a result, that may lay the ground for developing conditions having a serious impact on one’s life. The most common symptom of the diseases such as scoliosis, kyphosis, herniated disk and neck, lordosis, spondylolisthesis is pain. The diagnoses are made based on the patients’ report of the location and severity of their pain, as well as the circumstances which increase or reduce the pain. In some cases, the pain may be accompanied with muscle spasm, movement or posture disorders. However, with the spinal injection a solution can be created for posture disorders (and accompanying pain) without any medication or surgical intervention. The injection method is a proper solution for patients with scoliosis and kyphosis that could not be corrected in the early ages. Additionally, the pain can be managed with proper exercises.
How to Apply Spinal Injections?
Spinal injections are among the surgery-free treatment methods. Generally, it is performed by injecting corticosteroid and anesthetic medicine into the spine or next to the nerves. During the application phase of these injections, which are performed in an operating room environment, the patients are provided with drugs that have sedation effects. Also, x-ray devices are used to identify the target points.
For the purpose of spinal injections, a thin needle is placed down on the target point and a mixture of corticosteroid and anesthetic drugs are injected into the patient. Also, it is possible to inject ozone gas with the same needle. After the procedure, the patient is observed for approx. 30 minutes. It is advised for the safety of the patient that he/she should be accompanied with a relative to home and rest for 24 hours.
What Are the Common Methods of Injection?
The preferred methods of injection for the treatment of the spinal diseases are as follows:
- Epidural and transforaminal injections;
- Nerve root blockages;
- Sacroiliac joint injections;
- Facet joint injections
These spinal injections are applied to the patients whose functions have been limited due to severe pain. Also, the patients who struggle to sleep due to severe pain, have failed to get results from physiotherapy or medication treatment, are at risk for surgery, or want to avoid surgery are eligible to get spinal injections.
Generally, in addition to all above, the pain is caused by the herniated disks, joints, muscles or a combination thereof. In case of complaint, a physician should identify the causes of the pain and the potential method of injection by reviewing the patient’s MRI results.