Endoscopic Spine Surgeries
Endoscopic surgery is the surgical method that is used for treating a condition occurred any part of the body by opening a small hole and using advanced imaging systems. During the surgical intervention, the area of the disease is projected onto a screen and the visual space will be amplified by using an advanced lens system. This surgical procedure is commonly known as the “close surgery.” The endoscopic spine surgeries are one of the endoscopic operations.
Endoscopic entrance is also used in the operations concerning the stomach, gallbladder, gynecology, otorhinolaryngology, and urology. In addition, this procedure has been used in the neurosurgery since the 90’s. Also, the endoscopic surgery has been gradually become the preferred option to treat spine diseases in the recent years. Especially after the introduction of the newly-advanced techniques, neck hernia surgeries can be performed with this method too. On the other hand, in the cases of herniated disk endoscopic microsurgery can be used to extend the channels through which the nerves pass.
What Are the Advantages of Endoscopic Spine Surgeries?
Any surgical method is considered successful insofar that the damage has been avoided. In the case of endoscopic surgeries, this method enables intervention by extending the tissues since the surgical incisions are rather small. Especially in the hernia cases occurred within or around the channel through which the nerves pass – called “foramen” – the endoscopic foraminal approach will lead to less anatomical damage. Therefore, this method should be prioritized.
Additionally, endoscopic spine surgeries are a method that provides advantages treating the back-spine diseases. Because, with the classical methods, the patient experience serious pain during the cutting of the rib cage. The patient will experience pain regardless of how small the incision is with the classical methods. However, with the endoscopic methods, two or four holes will be opened on the patient, who lies sideways on the operation table, depending on the requirements of the intervention. The operation will be performed by watching the screen which reflects channels laid in those holes.
The rate of complication occurring during the post-operation phases of the endoscopic spine surgeries is low. Although the rate relapse is similar to those of other methods, the risk of complication is lower after the second surgery. Thus, the risk of complication is almost non-existent after the second operation, even if a relapse occurs following the first endoscopic surgeries. Additionally, endoscopic methods can be safely performed on the patients who have relapsed after having an open surgery or microsurgery.